Collard greens 8. Cruciferous veggies are a diverse group that includes broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, bok choy, arugula, Brussels sprouts, collards, watercress and radishes. (Images are from Wikipedia). But the word’s rich history shows that it was formerly used in a much broader sense. The term "cruciferous vegetables" refers to the common cultivars in the Brassicaceae or Cruciferae family with cross-bearing flowers, hence their other name "crucifers." For the scoop on some of the most nutritious foods around, get ready to learn more about cruciferous vegetables and what they can do for you. Cruciferous vegetables have a chemical in them that is formed when the cell wall is crushed. A 1-cup serving of raw cauliflower contains 57% DV of vitamin C and 14% DV of vitamin K, along with healthy doses of folate, vitamin B6 and potassium. EatingWell may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. 1. a vegetable of the mustard family: especially mustard greens; various cabbages; broccoli; cauliflower; brussels sprouts Familiarity information: CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLE used as a noun is very rare. This and other details of the family are well-covered by a, article on it. They also possess sulfur-containing compounds that have been associated with many health benefits. Not only does 1 cup (cooked) of these mini cabbage-like veggies give you 4 grams of fiber, but the same amount also has 11% DV of potassium and 107% DV of vitamin C. As slaw or as egg roll filling, cabbage can take on flavors and textures in nutrient-packed dishes enjoyed around the world. Broccoli and broccoli sprouts 4. Define cruciferous vegetable. Noun 1. cruciferous vegetable - a vegetable of the mustard family: especially mustard greens; various cabbages; broccoli; cauliflower; brussels sprouts veg Some people have trouble getting enough fruits and vegetables, so if you're looking to increase your cruciferous vegetable intake or you aspire to follow a plant-based diet, we picked a few of the more common brassica vegetables to highlight for their nutritional value as well as the delicious dishes you can make with them. If you've ever been told to "eat dark, leafy greens" to maintain a healthy eating pattern, you might think it's about swapping out iceberg lettuce for spinach in your salad. ,“ 9 out of the top 10 retrievals contain the phrase “cruciferous vegetables.” This certainly does fit the predominant modern usage of the word. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. They include: 1. In most cases, the leaves or flower buds of cruciferous vegetables are eaten, but there are a few where either the roots or seeds are also eaten. By Eric Rumsey, Janna Lawrence and Xiaomei Gu. They are low in calories but high in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K and antioxidants. Botany. Cruciferous vegetables are famously low in calories and high in nutrients. Another detail that gives an idea of the size and variety of the family and helps explain the widespread use of “cruciferous” is that, in addition to cruciferous vegetables, it also includes decorative flowers, weeds, and Arabidopsis thaliana (“a very important model organism in the study of the flowering plants”). Cruciferous vegetables are members of the Brassicaceae family, many of which are actually cultivars of a single species (Brassica oleracea): cabbage, Savoy cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, kohlrabi, gai lan, and kale! As the Google Ngram chart below shows, the phrase “cruciferous vegetables” only came into prominent use about 1980. When eaten raw or in large quantities, cruciferous vegetables like kale, collards, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, and broccoli, can in fact cause gas, bloating and diarrhea. Video shows what cruciferous means. Kohlrabi 10. Relating to the image of three flowers at the top of the article, another help in understanding “cruciferous” is the etymology of the word itself. On one hand, vegetables are one of the best sources of nutrition for the brain because they are … Cruciferous vegetables are a group of plants in the Brassica genus, that includes broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, kale and many more. They are packed with nutrients that support overall good health and are known for their potential cancer-fighting properties–they may be responsible for a reduced risk of breast cancer or prostate cancer. The significance of this is magnified by the fact that the family is very large, containing 372 genera and 4060 species, making it one of the largest flowering plant families. They are packed with nutrients that support overall good health and are known for their potential cancer-fighting properties–they may be responsible for a reduced risk of breast cancer or prostate cancer. To modern ears, “cruciferous” is all about vegetables. Bok choy is a popular ingredient in stir-fries and other Asian dishes. (“a very important model organism in the study of the flowering plants”). Learn how to ace hot chocolate charcuterie boards! To understand the real meaning of the word, it’s important to understand what these other contexts are. Mustard greens 12. These are cool weather vegetables. (Examples from Google Books of the broad botanical use of the word “cruciferous” in the 19th century are, .) Is Chocolate A Food? A 1-cup serving of cooked bok choi contains about 40% of the Daily Value of vitamin A, 48% DV of vitamin K and 17% DV of vitamin B6. Swiss and salami have had their day. Soy As a game show host might say, “what do you think of when I say ‘cruciferous’?” Well, of course, “vegetables”! To modern ears, “cruciferous” is all about vegetables. And they all contain phytochemicals, vitamins and minerals, and fiber that are important to your health (although some have more than others.) The chart is a comparison of the use of the words Cruciferae and Brassicaceae. cruciferous (Adjective) Of, or relating to the crucifer plants or products from these plants; of the family Cruciferae, the cabbage family, including cabbage and mustard. In a Google search for the word “cruciferous,“ 9 out of the top 10 retrievals contain the phrase “cruciferous vegetables.” This certainly does fit the predominant modern usage of the word. It’s categorized as an isothiocyanate. Offers may be subject to change without notice. Dictionary entry overview: What does cruciferous vegetable mean? Health-buffs advocate vegetable juicing, but research data warns that the practice might have goitrogenic, or goiter-inducing, effects. • CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLE (noun) The noun CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLE has 1 sense:. Cruciferous vegetables include broccoli, brussels sprouts, kale, bok choy and cauliflower. Cabbage 6. That's a great start, but there's so much more to explore in the delicious world of cruciferous vegetables. If you have hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), you may have been told to avoid cruciferous vegetables — such as kale, cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts. This is important for more than simply historic reasons; it’s also important to understand the meaning of the word to understand its connections to nutrition, and because it helps to search for the subject in databases such as PubMed (as we’ve discussed in a companion article). Seriously, I can't find why these vegetables are called "cruciferous." Of, or relating to the crucifer plants or products from these plants; of the family Cruciferae, the cabbage … Cruciferous vegetables are a group of plants in the Brassica genus, that includes broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, kale and many more. These are names that have been assigned to the plant family that contains “cruciferous vegetables” and many other plants as well. Cauliflower 7. Cruciferous vegetables are particularly rich in a group of sulfur-containing compounds called glucosinolates. What does "cruciferous" in this context mean? Since then, botanists have gradually been switching the word they use, with continuing widespread use of the older name Cruciferae. Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables in the Brassicaceae family of plants. Cruciferous vegetables have risen in popularity recently due to their apparent cancer-fighting properties. For a 2-cup serving of raw arugula, you get 65 milligrams of calcium—that's about the same as 1/4 cup of milk. Brussels sprouts 5. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our, Trader Joe’s Just Spilled Details About 9 Products Coming to Stores This Holiday Season, Hot Cocoa “Charcuterie” Boards Are Our Favorite New Holiday Trend, vitamin E, which has antioxidant properties, Cruciferous vegetables contain carotenoids, which may help protect our bodies from, Many of these veggies are good sources of. Additionally, it’s a surprisingly interesting story. Before that, the word “cruciferous” was widely used in other contexts. But it hasn’t always been this way. A cup of cooked broccoli, for example, contains only 55 calories and supplies healthy amounts of calcium, iron and potassium and more immune-boosting vitamin C than adults need in a day. As a game show host might say, “what do you think of when I say ‘cruciferous’?” Well, of course, “vegetables”! belonging to the family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae), the mustard family of plants; brassicaceous: Are you getting enough broccoli, cauliflower, and other cruciferous vegetables in your diet? This is important for more than simply historic reasons; it’s also important to understand the meaning of the word to understand its connections to nutrition, and because it helps to search for the subject in databases such as PubMed (as we’ve discussed in a, This seemingly arcane naming distinction is important because when the family name was Cruciferae, the word cruciferous was used to include all plants in the family, not just the edible species that we call “cruciferous vegetables,” which helps explain the common use of the word in the chart above. How Eating Vegetables Affects the Brain. Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, kale, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and similar green leaf vegetables. Gardeners in warmer USDA zones should try growing quick maturing varieties. A 1-cup serving of raw cabbage packs 28% DV of vitamin C and 2 grams of fiber; savoy and red cabbage also boast healthy amounts of beta carotene. Simply because they are members of the family Brassicaceae? Their sulfur-containing compounds (called glucosinolates) give them a bitter taste and pungent aroma. Producing only four petals the flowers resemble a cross. In particular, cruciferous vegetables don't make many popular lists of omega-3 fats and their most important food sources. Getty Images. To understand the real meaning of the word, it’s important to understand what these other contexts are. Broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables are full of sulforaphane and other antioxidants that help to protect healthy cells from damage caused by free radicals. Why Your Stomach Sometimes Hurts When You Eat Cruciferous Vegetables. Arugula (rocket) 2. All Right Reserved. Crucifers, like most other vegetables, are rich in fiber and various vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals that help preserve and promote human health. Included are cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprout, kale, and collard green, turnip (B. napa), rutabaga (B. napobrassica), rapeseed (B. napus), and mustard (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra). Cruciferous Vegetable A large genus of edible plants including the large species Brassica oleracea. This and other details of the family are well-covered by a Wikipedia article on it. As a bonus, brassica vegetables are also low in carbs and calories. In general, cruciferous vegetables are cool weather vegetables and have flowers that have four petals so that they resemble a cross. 5 Ways Cruciferous Vegetables May Fight Inflammation This seemingly arcane naming distinction is important because when the family name was Cruciferae, the word cruciferous was used to include all plants in the family, not just the edible species that we call “cruciferous vegetables,” which helps explain the common use of the word in the chart above. https://www.organicfacts.net/cruciferous-vegetables-list.html Cooks have reinvented cauliflower in the last few years as a gluten-free and low-carb ingredient in unexpected forms like rice and pizza crust, but cauliflower also has a lot of vitamins your body needs. Sulforaphane is a sulfur-containing compound found in cruciferous (Brassica family) vegetables including broccoli, cabbage cauliflower and brussels sprouts. And if so, what does being members of this family have to do with bearing a cross? © 2020 EatingWell.com is part of the Allrecipes Food Group. It's easy to get a few more cups of vegetables into your daily meals with kale, but for 1 cup of raw kale, you get 22% DV of vitamin C and 68% DV of vitamin K. Credit: (Examples from Google Books of the broad botanical use of the word “cruciferous” in the 19th century are here, here, and here.) Brussels sprouts are getting a lot more love these days with new recipes to deliver loads of nutrients deliciously. To start, these vegetables are a good source of fiber to help with digestion and keeping you regular, but there's much more these dark green vegetables provide: Of course, each brassica vegetable has unique flavors and benefits. The Brassicaceae family, which includes the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, comprises … Raw, some make great slaws and salads, while others can be too bitter for some palates. 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