Research into countermeasures to these pests has as of 2009[update] yielded no results; researchers from the Kerala Agricultural University and the Central Plantation Crop Research Institute, Kasaragode, continue to work on countermeasures. Kokospalmen haben einen sehr hohen Wasserbedarf. [92][93] Most of which (89%) is saturated fat, with lauric acid as a major fatty acid. Dried coconut flesh is called copra, and the oil and milk derived from it are commonly used in cooking – frying in particular – as well as in soaps and cosmetics. Cocos nucifera L., Sp. More recently, genomic analysis of cultivated coconut (C. nucifera L.) has shed light on the movement. [128], Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in personal hygiene products and cosmetics, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, cleansers and antiseptics, among others. Tanaman kelapa (Cocos nucifera L.) merupakan salah satu tanaman yang sering digunakan sebagai sumber kehidupan masyarakat di Indonesia baik untuk bahan masak dan sebagai bahan pokok industri. It can be reduced further to yield coconut sugar also referred to as palm sugar or jaggery. It is further strengthened by other similar botanical evidence of contact, like the pre-colonial presence of sweet potato in Oceanian cultures. Pl. Sie sollte mindestens fünf Palmwedel besitzen. Keimfähige Kokosnüsse bekommt man im Feinkostgeschäft und manchmal auch im Supermarkt. Many of the smallest coral islands in the Florida Keys are known to have abundant coconut palms sprouting from coconuts that have drifted or been deposited by ocean currents. Wenn sie reif sind, verfärben sie sich von Grün nach Gelb. Tannin produces negative effects on sapling growth. synphyllica Becc. A long handle made from some other wood may be inserted into the base of the bundle and used as a two-handed broom. Plaudereien über Zimmerpflanzen und andere schöne Dinge des ... Zimmerpflanzen Fotos ,eigene Erfahrungen , Pflegetipps ..... Hilfe, winzige Fliegen in der Erde der Zimmerpflanzen. [100] Coconut oil extracted from coconut milk or copra is also used for frying, cooking, and making margarine, among other uses.[96][101]. This ritual, known as niniyogan, is an offering made to the deceased and one's ancestors. [50] However, there is some evidence that it may be polygamomonoecious, and may occasionally have bisexual flowers. Official CosIng Information Details. The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos. Cocos nucifera L. Contact us about this record. [50] The root system consists of an abundance of thin roots that grow outward from the plant near the surface. Cocos nucifera L. Preferred Common Name. Darauf deuten silbrig matte Blätter hin, zudem sind die Spinnweben der Spinnmilben an den Blattachseln und Blatträndern gut zu erkennen. Many insect pests and diseases affect the species and are a nuisance for commercial production. Adaramoye OA, Azeez FA. The shell has three germination pores (micropyles) or "eyes" that are clearly visible on its outside surface once the husk is removed. Kokosnüsse bilden sich in der Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima. Edition 1st Edition. In Australia, a Cocos-like fossil fruit, measuring 10 cm (3.9 in) × 9.5 cm (3.7 in), were recovered from the Chinchilla Sand Formation dated to the latest Pliocene or basal Pleistocene. Drift models based on wind and ocean currents have shown that coconuts could not have drifted across the Pacific unaided. ; Muralidharan, K.; Parthasarathy, V.A. In India, the woven coconut leaves are used to build wedding marquees, especially in the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. Als tropische Pflanze ist die Kokospalme sehr wärmeliebend und verträgt keinen Frost. Coconut palm … The exocarp and mesocarp make up the "husk" of the coconuts. Cocos nucifera (L.) is an important member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) popularly known as coconut, coco, coco-da-bahia, or coconut-of-the-beach . Regeneration of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) from plumule explants through somatic embryogenesis. Decayed roots are replaced regularly as the tree grows new ones. [142], species of flowering plant in the palm family Arecaceae, This article is about the plant. [132] Often it is decorated with bright metal foils and other symbols of auspiciousness. … The 2014 study hypothesized that instead the species evolved while on coral atolls in the Pacific, and then dispersed to the continents. [90], It is one of the most useful trees in the world.[48]. A study in 2008 showed that the coconuts in the Americas are genetically closest related to coconuts in the Philippines, and not to any other nearby coconut populations (including Polynesia). The mesocarp is composed of a fiber, called coir, which has many traditional and commercial uses. [9] They have been found in the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and South America for less than 500 years (the Caribbean native inhabitants do not have a dialect term for them, but use the Portuguese name), but evidence of their presence on the Pacific coast of South America antedates Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas. [107], Coconut sap, usually extracted from cut inflorescence stalks is sweet when fresh and can be drunk as is like in tuba fresca of Mexico. [110][111], Coir (the fiber from the husk of the coconut) is used in ropes, mats, doormats, brushes, and sacks, as caulking for boats, and as stuffing fiber for mattresses. One recently selected cultivar, the 'Maypan', has been bred for resistance to this disease. Ideal ist ein leicht saures sandiges und eher humusarmes Gemisch. [47] Like other fruits, it has three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp. Every day, thousands of coconuts are broken, and some devotees break as many as 108 coconuts at a time as per the prayer. [85], The coconut is the national tree of the Maldives and is considered the most important plant in the country. Wie häufig wird der Cocos nucifera aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nachangewendet werden? [137], It was the main food of adherents of the now discontinued Vietnamese religion Đạo Dừa. [23][24][25][20] Their cultivation and spread was closely tied to the early migrations of the Austronesian peoples who carried coconuts as canoe plants to islands they settled. Cocos nucifera. Cocos nucifera L. Familie Arecaceae - Palmengewächse. BHL POWO . I NC I: Cocos Nuci fera Oi l certified organic. [25][22][32] During the colonial era, Pacific coconuts were further introduced to Mexico from the Spanish East Indies via the Manila galleons. [134] In the foothills of the temple town of Palani, before going to worship Murugan for the Ganesha, coconuts are broken at a place marked for the purpose. Such an origin indicates that the coconuts were not introduced naturally, such as by sea currents. Additionally, a genetically distinct subpopulation of coconut on the Pacific coast of Latin America has undergone a genetic bottleneck resulting from a founder effect; however, its ancestral population is the Pacific coconut from the Philippines. Bei der Standortwahl sollten Sie außerdem immer berücksichtigen, dass die Kokospalme stets sehr viel Licht braucht. 2: 982 (1891). An warmen Sommertagen können Sie Kokospalme auch ins Freie stellen. Moon day which usually signifies the end of monsoon season in India is claimed that they to! 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