Family: Lamiaceae. Description: Strawberry Drop forms a wide spreading mound of small heart-shaped, tricolor green, pink and yellow, scalloped leaves that keep their color all season. Coleus breeding revived in the early 1940s, and by the 1980s, the availability of an improved range of cultivars led to coleus becoming the tenth most important bedding crop in the US. Solenostemon scutellarioides (Coleus) is a perennial subshrub plant that usually reaches 40 cm to 1 m in height, although sometimes it can reach up to 2 m in height. The leaves are larger than the rest of the cultivars. Scientific Name : Solenostemon scutellarioides Common Name : Pack Coleus Plant Habit : Mounded, Upright Spacing : 10 - 14" (25 - 36cm) Height : 12 - 14" (30 - 36cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Shade, Partial Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Raw. jεwubue (NWT) (SIERRA LEONE, MENDE), Burkill, H.M. 1985. New cultivars with different leaf shapes and color combinations are constantly being created. In colder areas, they are often grown as annuals, since the plants are not hardy and become leggy with age. scutellarioides. Dramatic foliage. – solenostemon Scutellaria spathulata. Please allow clipboard access to copy the image. Now coleus is exiled to usage as a common name. Solenostemon - Common Name: Coleus. This page was last edited on 23 February 2020, at 08:05. George Bentham transferred it to the genus Coleus as Coleus scutellarioides in 1830, and in 1832 also described Coleus blumei, now regarded as just a variant of this species. Solenostemon scutellarioides (coleus) is one of the flowering plant species belongs to family Lamiaceae. Seeds require light to germinate, so should not be covered. Statistics. Water Common name: Coleus Scientific name: Solenostemon scutellarioides, Solenostemon scutellarioides Plant type: Perennials A wider variety was available by 1877, when the American William Bull offered seeds at 43 US cents each. Ocimum scutellarioides. Green coloration is due to the amount of chlorophyll present in the chloroplasts in the leaves. This naturalized ornamental garden plant, tropical foliage plant, and … It only takes a few of these insects to infect a whole greenhouse. The individual flowers are small, tubular, and 2-lipped with a broad upper lip and a boat-shaped lower lip. Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Seeds are inexpensive and easily obtainable, though named cultivars do not come true from seeds. : COPU6: Coleus pumilus Blanco: dwarf coleus COSC7: Coleus scutellarioides (L.) Benth. Scientific Name: Solenostemon scutellarioides. It is known in cultivation through just a few of its members, of which only the coleus or painted nettle (Solenostemon scutellarioides) is common. [4], The leaves of the wild species may be somewhat variegated,[4] but this has been developed to an extreme degree in cultivated varieties, whose leaves may include one or more shades of green, white, cream, yellow, pink, red, maroon and dark purple. Species include: Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. [4] The species is extremely variable in the colour and shape of the leaves. makes leaves brownish and can also cause leaf curling and twisting. It is harder to control this mildew on stems compared to leaves. (2019) list 294 species of Coleus, many transferred from Plectranthus. … Coleus scutellarioides is an upright annual or short-lived perennial plant. One of the many patterns of variegated leaves Photograph by: Ahmad Fuad Morad. Salmon Pink. Solenostemon scutellarioides cv. Growth Habit: Herb/Forb. As 'Coleus', 'Plectranthus' & 'Solenostemon' require very similar care requirements, the blanket name of the three will be 'Coleus' throughout this article. The fruit is described as a "nutlet", and is black, about 1 mm (0.04 in) long. It is native to Malaysia and South East Asia. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol. [36], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Genetics of Growth Habit and Development of New, "Indoor Coleus Care: How To Grow A Coleus Houseplant", Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic University of Wisconsin-Madison and UW-Extension, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coleus_scutellarioides&oldid=984532991, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Variation in leaf color and shape in cultivars, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 16:02. Young inflorescences may be removed to keep plants more compact.[33]. [35], Coleus scutellarioides, under the name Coleus blumei, has been reported to have very mild relaxing and/or hallucinogenic effects when consumed. [11], The species was first introduced into Europe from Java in 1851 by a Dutch horticulturalist. The Plant List includes 44 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Solenostemon.Of these 1 are accepted species names. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[13], In cultivation, plants grow well in moist well-drained soil, and are usually 0.5–1 m (1.6–3.3 ft) tall, though some may grow as tall as 2 m (6.6 ft). The leaf colors are soft apricot-like. Red, purple, pink, and orange colors are due to anthocyanins – water-soluble, flavonoid biosynthetic pigments, found in the foliage in addition to chlorophyll. Like all ColorBlaze coleus, it was bred to bloom very late or not at … Distribution and habitat:Solenostemon scutellarioidesis native to south east Asia and Malaysia. are highlighted. They are somewhat fleshy, varying in size from 1.5–10 cm (0.6–3.9 in) long by 1–6 cm (0.4–2.4 in) wide, generally ovate in shape, and borne on petioles (stalks) from 0.5–5 cm (0.2–2.0 in) long. Species: Solenostemon scutellarioides (L.) Codd – common coleus. Subclass: Asteridae Solenostemon scutellarioides (L.) Codd. [9] A summary cladogram for the subtribe Plectranthinae, based on the 2018 study, was published in 2019, along with names in Coleus for all the species recognized in that genus. Plectranthus scutellarioides. common coleus. Scientific Name: Solenostemon scutellarioides, Synonyms: Coleus blumei, C. pumilus, C. scutellarioides, Ocimum scutellarioides, Plectranthus blumei, P. scutellarioides, Common Names: Coleus, Common Coleus, Painted Nettle. Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family Previously known as: Coleus blumei Coleus pumilus Coleus x hybridus Plectranthus scutellarioides Solenostemon pumilus Solenostemon scutellarioides Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. More recently, vegetative propagation has enabled cultivars with novel leaf colors and shapes to be offered for sale. 3. ka mai tonto (Har.) The production of anthocyanins and chlorophyll is affected by light levels; the more light is present, the more anthocyanins are produced, with an inverse relationship to the production of chlorophyll. Another pattern of variegation Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; COBL: Coleus blumei Benth. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol. It was transferred to Solenostemon by Leslie E. W. Codd in 1975. Most sources now label these plants as Plectranthus scuttellariodes, but they have also been known in the past as Solenostemon scutellarioides and Coleus blumei. Cuttings root readily in plain water, without the addition of rooting hormone (although it is still beneficial). Solenostemon scutellarioides and Coleus blumei are both synonyms and former names for this plant. Are not hardy and become leggy with age +6 hrs although it is cultivated and. Or as bedding is exiled to usage as a houseplant, and houseplant is native to Malaysia and south Asia. 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