A section of the Curriculum Connection will be devoted to a review of a particular research based strategy. ASCD respects intellectual property rights and adheres to the laws governing them. Identify and provide students with a list of vocabulary words 3. This increases the likelihood that we will make connections to the schema when we encounter more new information, and we will thus be able to make sense of that information. Have the students write one of the words on each of the index cards or paper 4. Classifying Organizer. In their book Classroom Instruction That Works, Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, and Jane Pollock present four “forms” of identifying similarities and differences: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies.For each form, we’ve provided an overview and links to related content and tips for classroom instruction. For example, students compare things that are similar and Key experiences for babies and toddlers-Object exploration . That’s powerful evidence in support of finding effective strategies for teaching students about similarities and differences. Students use what they already know as an anchor for new learning. Saved by Daisy Diaz. Comparing Frame. Content Frame. We ask, "Is this like that?" After the data has all been placed in the Venn Diagram, the teacher will discuss with the students what are some conclusions or larger statements concerning the similarities and differences of the two terms being compared. Research indicates that the this strategy is most effective if it follows an instructional sequence that links prior knowledge to new knowledge. Identifying Similarities and Differences Seeing similarities and differences is a fundamental cognitive process (Gentner & Markman, 1994; Medin, Goldstone, & Markman, 1995). Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Similarities And Differences. Identifying similarities and differences can be accomplished in a variety of ways: describing, classifying, comparing, c.ontrasting creating analogies and metaphors. In this issue of Teen Bible Study Guide, we will discuss how the world’s predominant religious beliefs are compared to the United Church of God fundamental beliefs. Venn Diagram. Similarities and Differences Between Online and Traditional Learning More and more students are transitioning from a traditional classroom to an online learning environment. While teacher-directed activities focus on identifying specific items, student directed activities encourage variation and broaden understanding,. Teachers can either directly present similarities and differences, accompanied by deep discussion and inquiry, or simply ask students to identify similarities and differences on their own. Question/Answer/Relationship. The second edition of Classroom Instruction That Works presents four strategies in this category and defines them as follows: Comparing is the process of identifying similarities between or among things or ideas. According to research cited by the authors of Classroom Instruction That Works, students achieve percentile gains of up to 46 percent as a result of developing proficiency in identifying similarities and differences. Teachers are most comfortable engaging their students in activities that require comparing and classifying. Comparing Organizer. For example, while all cultures have language, analysis of particular language structures and conversational etiquette reveal tremendous differences. Research compiled by Marzano and others indicate there are four processes that identify how items, events, processes, or concepts are similar and different. No part of this publication—including the drawings, graphs, illustrations, or chapters, except for brief quotations in Assignment #2: Complete the 4 part assignment format as you read, reflect, and respond to Chapter 2 – Identifying Similarities and Differences. Frayer Model. (Marzano, et al. 2001) Similarities And Differences - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Students will need guidance in identifying similarities and differences, as well as the ability to practice both independently and in small groups to enhance understanding and their ability to use this practice. Click here to share additional tools that can be used with this strategy. 3. 3. Afterwards, as a class we will discuss the similarities and differences between the two topics. All rights reserved. Identifying similarities and differences Finding similarities and differences while learning helps students make connections to previous knowledge and retain information better. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. The term contrasting refers to the process of identifying differences; most educators use the term comparing to refer to both. They are comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and … The class will discuss the characteristics that are the same in the two characters are “similarities” and the ones that are different are differences. Learn more about our permissions policy and submit your request online. Some ways to help students with this core strategy include finding metaphors and analogies and classifying ideas or objects based on the characteristics or features. Seed to Bear (2010) by Jody Digger on Flickr. Share your videos with friends, family, and the world. The power of this category to increase the probability of positively affecting student achievement lies in the use of all four, especially creating metaphors and analogies. This strategy can be done as a class, small groups, or by individual students. Identifying Similarities and Differences. When you are faced with a new situation, the first thing you do is see how the situation is similar to something you already know and how it is different. In some Middle Eastern cultures, it is common to stand close to others in conversation. Students will return to their seat and read through the text on their own. All that is needed is the Venn Diagram chart. More information... People also love these ideas Teachers are most comfortable engaging their students in activities that require comparing and classifying. Similarities And Differences Marzano Free Sign Ell Different School Stuff Presentation Teaching Education. critical reviews or articles—may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, In addition, when students are presented with appropriately arranged contrasts, they are likely to notice new features they hadn't noticed before and learn which of those features are relevant to a particular concept (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, 2000). They both practiced and participated in human sacrifices. When/Example: Affinity Diagram . MISSION: ASCD empowers educators to achieve excellence in learning, teaching, and leading so that every child is healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged. Similarities Religion: Both the Incas and Aztecs believed in and worshipped the sun god. Passive Transport Active Transport What drives the movement of the molecules across the plasma membrane? Identifying Similarities and Differences Seeing similarities and differences is a fundamental cognitive process (Gentner & Markman, 1994; Medin, Goldstone, & Markman, 1995). Identifying similarities and differences helps learners gain insight, draw inferences, make generalizations, and develop or refine schemas (Holyoak, 2005). Those religions are: (1) Hinduism; (2) Buddhism; (3) Islam; (4) Christianity; and (5) Judaism. Explain how the items are similar and different with respect to the characteristics you selected Click here to view a Venn Diagram. When/Examples: “It is used to delineate important categories or relationships and depict similarities and disparities between two or more people, things, places or events” (Manoli & Papadopoulou, 349). All of these are excellent vehicles for language development. As an instructional strategy, it includes various activities that help learners see patterns and make connections. Comparing and classifying are the strategies I use the most in class. Do the molecules move with or against the concentration gradient? -Handout diagrams to every student and … Do you have any suggestions to share? Layers of Scaffolding Teacher Student Directed- Directed- Explicit Independently Guidance Identifying Sorting Sorting Rule Rule Self- Provided Generated Identifying Similarities & Differences similarities and differences between the best practices presented in the WHI study and the article you selected. Similarities and differences. And had built large temples to do the sacrifices in and had built special temples to worship thier god. Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback, Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition. 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. Copyright © 2012 by McREL. Select the characteristics of the items on which you want to base your comparison. Identifying similarities and differences among the cultural beliefs of the patient, health care agency, and nurse 4. Seed to Bear (2010) by Jody Digger on Flickr. Other Strategies for Identifying Similarities and Differences. 4. Help babies and toddlers identify similarities and differences among the objects that surround them. Build your understanding with self-testing 2. Subscribe to ASCD Express, our free email newsletter, to have practical, actionable strategies and information delivered to your email inbox twice a month. 4) Cues/Questions/Advance Organizers; 5) Non-Linguistic Representations; 6) Summarizing and Note-Taking; 7) Assigning Homework and Practice; 8) Identifying Similarities and Differences; 9) Generating and Testing Hypothesis including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from ASCD. Increased clarity will improve efforts to address harmful norms and practices. Research Based Instructional Strategies: Identifying Similarities and Differences The OIP calls for the use of research based instructional strate-gies. As a result, many people consider these strategies to be the core of all learning (e.g., Bransford et al., 2000; Chen, 1999; Fuchs et al., 2006; Gentner, Loewenstein, & Thompson, 2003; Holyoak, 2005). T-Chart. Sketch to Stretch 1. There are five major religious faiths in the world today. The Incas and Aztecs had a They will use the worksheet to note the similarities and differences between the two characters. 1703 North Beauregard St. Identifying Similarities and Differences: Summarizing and Note-taking: Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition: Homework and Practice: Nonlinguistic Representations: Cooperative Learning. Identifying similarities and differences is the process of comparing information, sorting concepts into categories, and making connections to one's existing knowledge. STEP 2: Identifying and articulating similarities and differences among items Select the items you want to compare. Marzano’s Nine Essential Instructional Strategies. In this fifth issue I will review another of the Marzano 9: Identifying Similarities and This diagram can be used to identifying similarities or differences in all different context areas and concepts. By answering this question, we enhance our existing mental representation or abstract schema for the information. Fill in the table, identifying similarities and differences between passive transport and active transport. Phone In this article, we review similarities and differences between social and gender norms, reviewing the history of the concepts and identifying key tension points of contrast. Below is a list of iPad applications that can be used to support the four processes explained above. "In fall 2013, there were 5,522,194 students enrolled in any distance education courses … Identifying similarities and differences is one of nine research-based strategies for increasing student achievement defined by Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, and Jane Pollock in their book Classroom Instruction That Works. Monday through Friday Simply put, identifying similarities and differences helps us make sense of the world. To read further, purchase this book in the ASCD Online Store. There are four strategies in the Identifying Similarities and Differences category: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies. 1703 North Beauregard St. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. As an instructional strategy, it includes various activities that help learners see patterns and make connections. Research compiled by Marzano and others indicate there are four processes that identify how items, events, processes, or concepts are similar and different. There are four strategies in the Identifying Similarities and Differences category: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies. 4. Foldables. Semantic Feature Analysis . Assess the diagrams, discuss similarities and differences, and adjust your diagram with helpful ideas from your partner. This book is not a member benefit, but sample chapters have been selected for your perusal. purchase this book in the ASCD Online Store. Identifying Similarities and Differences. Chapter 2 Identifying similarities and differences: As I was reading this chapter I was reflecting on my teaching practices in regard with the diverse strategies presented in this book and the different opportunities that I have used them in my classroom. These strategies help move students from existing knowledge to new knowledge, from the concrete to the abstract, and from separate to connected ideas. Graphic Organizers for Identifying Similarities and Differences. 5. Despite how much humans have in common, cultural differences are far more prevalent than cultural universals. Address The differences will be written in the left or right side. Analogy Organizer . To address harmful norms and practices learners see patterns and make connections to 's... 'S existing knowledge information, sorting concepts into categories, and the ones that are different differences... Differences finding similarities and differences, and making connections to previous knowledge and retain information.! 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